Sunday, May 24, 2020
Germany now plotted a change of tactic, fighting defensively in the West and trying to defeat Russia in the east quickly by attacking, while the Allies aimed to break through on their respective fronts. Meanwhile, Serbia came under increased pressure and Britain planned to attack Turkey. Ã¢â¬ ¢ January 8: Germany forms a southern army to support the faltering Austrians. Germany would have to send ever more troops to prop up what became a puppet regime.Ã¢â¬ ¢ January 19: First German Zeppelin raid on British mainland.Ã¢â¬ ¢ January 31: The first use of poison gas in WW1, by Germany at Bolimow in Poland. This ushers in a terrible new era in warfare, and soon the allied nations join in with their own gas.Ã¢â¬ ¢ February 4: Germany declares submarine blockade of Britain, with all approaching ships considered targets. This is the start of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. When this is restarted later in the war it causes Germany to lose.Ã¢â¬ ¢ February 7 - 21: Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes, no gains. (EF)Ã¢â¬ ¢ March 11: The Reprisals Order, in which Britain banned all neutral parties from trading with Germany. As Germany was suffering a naval blockade by Britain this became a serious issue. The US was supposedly neutral, but couldnt get supplies to Germany if i t had wanted to. (It didnt.)Ã¢â¬ ¢ March 11 - 13: Battle of Neuve-Chapelle. (WF)Ã¢â¬ ¢ March 18: Allied ships attempt to bombard areas of the Dardanelles, but their failure causes the development of an invasion plan.Ã¢â¬ ¢ April 22 - May 25: Second Battle of Ypres (WF); BEF casualties are triple those of Germans.Ã¢â¬ ¢ April 25: The Allied ground assault begins in Gallipoli. (SF) The plan has been rushed, the equipment is poor, commanders who would later prove themselves act badly. It is a colossal mistake.Ã¢â¬ ¢ April 26: The Treaty of London is signed, in which Italy joins the Entente. They have a secret agreement which gives them land in a victory.Ã¢â¬ ¢ April 22: Poison Gas is first used on the Western Front, in a German attack on Canadian troops at Ypres.Ã¢â¬ ¢ May 2-13: Battle of Gorlice-Tarnow, in which the Germans push Russia back.Ã¢â¬ ¢ May 7: The Lusitania is sunk by a German submarine; casualties include 124 Americans passengers. This inflames US opinion against G ermany and submarine warfare.Ã¢â¬ ¢ June 23 - July 8: First Battle of Isonzo, an Italian offensive against fortified Austrian positions along a 50-mile front. Italy makes ten more attacks between 1915 and 1917 in the same place (The Second - Eleventh Battles of Isonzo) for no real gains. (IF)Ã¢â¬ ¢ July 13-15: The German Triple Offensive begins, aiming to destroy the Russian army.Ã¢â¬ ¢ July 22: The Great Retreat (2) is ordered - Russian forces pull back out of Poland (currently part of Russia), taking machinery and equipment with them.Ã¢â¬ ¢ September 1: After American outrage, Germany officially stops sinking passenger vessels without warning.Ã¢â¬ ¢ September 5: Tsar Nicholas II makes himself Russian Commander-in-Chief. This directly leads to him being blamed for failure and the collapse of the Russian monarchy.Ã¢â¬ ¢ September 12: After the failure of the Austrian Black Yellow offensive (EF), Germany takes over ultimate control of Austro-Hungarian forces.Ã¢â¬ ¢ September 2 1 - November 6: Allied offensive leads to Battles of Champagne, Second Artois and Loos; no gains. (WF)Ã¢â¬ ¢ November 23: German, Austro-Hungarian and Bulgarian forces push the Serbian army into exile; Serbia falls.br/>Ã¢â¬ ¢ December 10: The Allies begin slowly withdrawing from Gallipoli; they complete by January 9 1916. The landing has been a total failure, costing a huge number of lives.Ã¢â¬ ¢ December 18: Douglas Haig appointed British Commander-in-Chief; he replaces John French.Ã¢â¬ ¢ December 20th: In The Falkenhayn Memorandum, the Central Powers propose to bleed the French White through a war of attrition. The key is using Verdun Fortress as a French meat grinder. Despite attacking on the Western Front, Britain and France make few gains; they also incur hundreds of thousands more casualties than their enemy. The Gallipoli landings also fail, causing the resignation of a certain Winston Churchill from British government. Meanwhile, the Central Powers achieve what looks like success in the East, pushing the Russians back into Belorussia...but this had happened before - against Napoleon - and would happen again, against Hitler. Russias manpower, manufacturing and army remained strong, but casualties had been huge. Next page 1916 Page 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
Thursday, May 14, 2020
One of the biggest issues of marketing today, is developing a valuable brand. Once a company is recognized as a brand leader, the company is able to expand its product line. Some of the biggest industries names are Gatorade, AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s iPhone, Google, and even AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite past time: baseball, is learning ways to attract ticket sales to the stadium. Companies spend millions of dollars trying to develop a product line. Brand recognition is the most important part that any company or product can accomplish. When brand recognition is successful Americans will stand in line countless hours to get things like the newest Nike JordanÃ¢â¬â¢s costing over $400 or in line when a new store for Krispy Kreme doughnuts opens. Krispy Kreme used a simpleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦ItÃ¢â¬â¢s inevitable that even big names make mistakes such as Microsoft when it released Zune to compete against the iPod, the former leader of home entertainment and mobile business said Ã¢â¬Å"We just werenÃ¢â¬â¢t brave enough, honestly, and we ended up chasing Apple with a product that actually wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a bad product, and there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a reason for somebody to say, oh, I have to go out and get that thingÃ¢â¬ (Yarrow, D., 2014) Opening up a daycare is an example of a service business. Ã¢â¬Å"Services are intangible activities or benefits that an organization provides to satisfy customersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs in exchange for money or something else of valueÃ¢â¬ (Kerin, Hartley Rudelius, 2012, p.148). A new product pushes the consumer to consider their brand loyalty and whether or not they will accept a substitute. Companies as big as Microsoft experience both success and failures. For example Xbox had a problem with the 360 consoles microprocessors ranks. This was a huge setback to the company that cost them billions. Here is a list of why marketing strategies for new products can turn into failures. 1. Ã¢â¬Å"Insignificant point of difference research shows that distinctive point of difference is a simple most important factor for new product to defeat competitive ones - having superior characteristics that deliver unique benefits to the userÃ¢â¬ (Kerin, Hartley Rudelius, 2012, p.153). 2. Ã¢â¬Å"Incomplete market and product protocol before product development starts. Without this protocol firms trying to design a vague
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
As defined by Webster Dictionary ethics are Ã¢â¬Å"rules of behavior based on ideas about what is morally good and bad; an area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad behavior: a branch of philosophy dealing with what is morally right or wrongÃ¢â¬ . There is more to ethics than the simple definition. To understand ethics one must define what is ethical and unethical behavior in the workplace and it importance, prescriptive approaches, psychological approaches, whistle-blowers, and ethics as organizational culture. These factors help establish a strong foundation of security and positive ethic practices for an organization. The purpose of this analysis is to dissect the five factors (business ethics, prescriptive and psychological approach, whistle-blower, and ethics as organization) as it relates and supports each other. This analysis will also discuss the responsibilities that come following ethical procedures and the consequences for not abiding to these guidelines. Ultimately, individuals or groupsÃ¢â¬â¢ decision are influenced by the nature of a company. Therefore, ethics are critical the success of an organization. Analysis Straight Talk Managing Business Ethics To begin, Trevino and Nelson (2014), defines ethical behavior in business as behavior that is consistent with the norms, principles, and practice of business practice that have been agreed upon be society. Laws encode many principles and standards; and ethical standards and laws certainly overlap inShow MoreRelatedEthics, Ethical, And Unethical Behavior1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmember within a corporation starts to cheat, steal, and coerce the system, it becomes a domino effect that leaves devastating ramifications. We will discuss issues like falsifying financial statements, improper use of company funds, ethical behaviors and unethical behaviors. Fairness The first virtue that I choose to discuss within this paper is the word fairness. Fair is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"agreeing with what is thought to be right or acceptable; treating people in a way that does not favor some over others;Read MoreEthics : Ethical And Unethical Behavior869 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat is ethics? What are some of the issues of ethics that occur in social research? How important is ethics in research? Ethics or moral philosophy involves, arranging, defending, and endorsing concepts of right and wrong conduct in society. The term ethics, according to Henry Sidgwick, derives from three great ethical philosophers of ancient Greece, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Conducting social research, without proper use knowledge pertaining to the code of conduct is violating human rightsRead MoreDifferences Between Ethical And Unethical Business Activity956 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbetween ethical and unethical business activity Ethical Behavior In recent years big corporations have discovered the significance of the corporate social responsibility issue. They have increasingly made sustainability declarations or advertised ethical codes, which then they are expected to abide by. (Law Business Ethics Research Initiative.) Keith Miller the author of Is Ethical Behavior Good for Business has found that ethical behavior is good for business. His research found that ethical businessRead MoreUnethical Behavior Has A Negative Impact On The Public, Economy And Work Environment Essay910 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary is Ã¢â¬Å"the principles of conduct governing an individual or a groupÃ¢â¬ (Ethic, 2015). As public administration professionals, we have a duty to make ethical decisions and always put the general publicÃ¢â¬â¢s interest before our interest. Repeatedly, the general public is being confronted with unethical behavior. Unethical behavior continues to be a persistent problem in the public, nonprofit and for-profit sectors. Some recent unethical behavior includesRead MoreHuman Nature, Unethical Behavior, Ethical Behavior And Work934 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnew idea of an ethical work force. According to Business Ethics, Ã¢â¬Å"ethics is the set of principl es a person uses to determine whether an action is good or badÃ¢â¬ (Collins, 2012). While some would argue the greatest achievement in longevity is a strong bottom line, others state by forging a strong correlation between ethical behavior and work habits, employees are less likely to participate in workplace misconduct. This essay identifies the direct correlation with longevity and an ethical work force. SoRead MoreSales Ethics Is an Oxymoron1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIs Sales-Ethics an Oxymoron? Globalization highlighted the ethical issues and concerns for every individual organization, multinational organizational conduct their operations under ethical code of conduct to confine the issues faced by unethical conducts. Many organizations such as pharmaceutical firms, technological firms and financial firms pay more attentions to ethical behavior to ensure the sales to consumers have been impeccably ethical. However managers pay attention to behavioral ethicalRead MoreEthical Behavior : The Good And The Bad828 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthical Behavior: The Good and the Bad Written Assignment I Alea Mayes Eastern Michigan University Ã¢â¬Æ' Ethics is needed within every organization. Before I get into that concept in great detail, I would first like to explain what ethics is. Ã¢â¬Å"The concept has come to mean various things to various people, but generally it s coming to know what it right or wrong in the workplace and doing what s rightÃ¢â¬ (McNamara). This doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t intercept with the law. Yes, many legal things can be considered ethicalRead MoreWhat Is Business Ethics?1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages6308 Ã¢â¬â Assignment: Business Ethics Essay (50 points) What is business ethics? Business ethics can be understood as codes that define the actions and behavior of the employees in an institution. Standards are set by every company to define what is accepted as Ã¢â¬ËRightÃ¢â¬â¢ and each employee is expected to abide by these standards. For a business to run successfully it is important to abide by the set of standards that are defined. Companies around the world observe these ethical principles strictly; ensuringRead MoreCode Of Ethics And Ethics Essay1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCode of Ethics Implementation A Code of Ethics is regarded as the written guideline to the moral constitution of an organization ( ). The Code of Ethics (Appendix A) outlines the rights, duties, responsibilities, and a benchmark for the organization and its evaluation (Mihai Alina, 2013). It contains behavioral principles and rules of conduct that aids in the decision-making processes and balances the stakeholders expectations and interests against corporate responsibilityRead MoreImportance Of Ethics In Interior Design1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction: Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2017). In simple terms, ethics is the system of what is right and what is wrong. Usage of ethics on daily basis is important to a human being, a person is judged based on his/her behavior, whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s reasonable or aimless, ethics help people to have a purpose for their actions. Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s during work or outside
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Smothering dreams Essay The next paragraph is a further add-on, where it again haunts the reader where in Owenss helpless sight, and these men plunges towards him, guttering, choking, drowning. These men plunge (again a reference to the imagery of drowning) and are suffering so badly as in the neat use of three quick words that all end with an -ing, also another alliteration, just heightens this horror of the gas attack to an almost unbearable pitch. The last paragraph again carries this details of the gas attack, as an extended metaphor, where we are exposed to even more gory details of this attack, its aftermath, its sheer ferocity, again leaving deep impacts on the reader. Owen likens this experience to a dream where in some smothering dreams the reader too could envision the wagon that we flung him in. The use of the word smothering shows how he feels the men were feeling, like their life is slowly being drained out of them. Where their hanging face, like a devils sick of sin, again another alliteration, this time using an s sound to just emphasize the moment. The moment where the soldier looks like hell on earth. Where we cannot even imagine every jolt, the blood that comes Gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs. Where they are Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud. This description uses short sharp phrases to show the quick pace of this scene, where a man lies dying, where he is choking, comparable to cancer and like the bitter cud that cows chew when they digest their food. It is like to vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, when somebody that is telling with high zest to some child desperate for some sort of glory. Owen here clearly is horrified at the notion of some people treating this war lightly, even with zest, to some poor innocent child wanting some glory in his life. And this ends off with the now terrible line. The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. The capitalization of the world Lie now also shows how Owen personifies this phrase, as something human, some evil to the point where it is not just words, it is sheer tenacity and wrath that he believes no one should ever have to face. And that is the message that Owen is trying to put forth today. In my personal response, I find it interesting to note that this poem is written in response to the pro-war poet Jessie Pope, where she uses the phrase Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori as a title for one of her poems. This could explain why this poem is particularly harsh and upsetting for the reader, as it seems that Owen is trying to make a point that this is a resounding Lie. I liken his descriptions to that of the age-old belief that when one is faced with a horrific scene, time seems to slow down, even stop. To me, these vivid descriptions are seething with bitter hate and I can literally feel the horror of the war flashing before my eyes, these unsettling images are horrific and probably would haunt anyone who reads this poem carefully. People screaming, people shouting, people flailing about, it seems to be definitely in the realm of possibility in war, and I am hope that I would never have to go through something as terrible as war.Ã In conclusion, Owen makes a very strong stand and point against the war as a whole, and believes that it is a lie to call this war something glorious and honorable to die for, and this phrase Dulce Et Decorum Est Pro Patria Mori is a big Lie.
Saturday, April 4, 2020
Harper Lee Essay Harper Lee involves the theme of prejudice by illustrating many different examples of where society is judgmental. Mrs. Luttrell-Anderson Tuvraen Kaur Prejudice in To Kill a Mockingbird Prejudice cannot perceive the things that are because it is always looking for things that are not. In Harper LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, prejudice is accentuated as one of the main themes and is illustrated in many different examples of where society is judgemental.Set in the South during the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s in a small town known as Maycomb County, one of the most important morals, the one that states that all humans, no matter colour, or gender are equal, is justified. Due to the Great Depression during the early twentieth century, poverty became an issue that affected many. Instead of using that as a binding theme, the people in the town use it as an element of separation. Prejudice of every sort runs rampant throughout the town. Three types of prejudice are conveyed in this book; name ly, social class prejudice, racial prejudice and gender prejudice.The backwardness and insularity of the community fuelled the racism in Maycomb. The theme of the wrongs of prejudice is brought forth through the eyes of a nine-year-old girl, Scout Finch. Gender prejudice has been long woven into the fabric of many societies. It was driven by the universal belief that women are weaker of the sexes, emotionally as well as physically. Women in the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s did not have the right to vote, and were refrained from pursuing jobs that were usually done by men. In the book, women were not permitted to be a part of the jury.Many believed that women were too weak to handle the details of some cases. Atticus Finch, ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s father, and also Tom RobinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s attorney, further explains this belief, Ã¢â¬Å"I guess its to protect our frail ladies from sordid cases like Toms. Besides, I doubt if wed ever get a complete case triedthe ladiesd be interrupting to ask questions. Ã¢â ¬ (221) In this book, not only does one come across prejudice directed towards woman, but also towards men. Francis, a cousin of ScoutÃ¢â¬â¢s tells her that his grandmother is oing to teach him how to cook. Scout replies by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"BoyÃ¢â¬â¢s donÃ¢â¬â¢t cookÃ¢â¬ (84) In Maycomb it appears that the society chooses how the girls and boys should act, and what professions they are allowed to pursue. Scout Finch has been described as a tomboy, most frequently clad in overalls, and spends much time with her older brother, Jem. Throughout the novel, Scout is scolded about her manners, tough character, and her overall unladylike behaviour. Ã¢â¬Å"Aunt Alexandra was fanatical on the subject of my attire.I could not possibly hope to be a lady if I wore breeches; when I said I could do nothing in a dress, she said I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t supposed to be doing things that required pants. Aunt AlexandraÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of my deportment involved playing with small stoves, tea sets, and wearing the Add-A-Pearl necklace she gave me when I was bornÃ¢â¬ (83) ItÃ¢â¬â¢s unfortunate that woman were burdened by the society and moulded into the perfect ladies right from a young age. In Maycomb gender discrimination was contemporary as many were denied opportunities in the work place or, misjudged or critiqued solely on the basis of their sex.Racism is the belief that race is a key determinant of human traits and those racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race. The communityÃ¢â¬â¢s narrow-mindedness is formed because the society has remained unchanged for many decades with the same families occupying the town. This causes prejudice towards anything that is different from the Ã¢â¬Å"normÃ¢â¬ . Though times have changed since slavery, Maycomb is not able to look past their differences and treat each other equally. Racial discrimination cost Tom Robinson his life.Tom, a black man, was accused of raping Mayella Ewell. In the court hearing, it seems that Tom was innocent because the person who beat Mayella had led primarily with his left hand, and TomÃ¢â¬â¢s left hand was crippled. Even though there was no sufficient evidence that Tom tried to rape Mayella, the jury convicted him. The jury sentenced Tom simply because it was his word against a white womanÃ¢â¬â¢s word. Mayella broke a time-honored code, she tempted a black man, and to restore her dignity she lied to the jury. When its a white mans word against a black mans, the white man always wins. (220) During the hearing, Jem, Scout and Dill learn that Dolphus Raymond, who is the supposed town drunkard, hardly drinks alcohol at all. Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s got a colored woman and all sorts of mixed chillun. Ã¢â¬ (163) Dolphus tells the children that he pretends to be drunk so the people of Maycomb can blame his living conditions on the effects of alcohol. He explains that the people could never understand that he lives with colored folks because he wants to live with them. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Å"WhÃ¢â¬âoh yes, you mean why do I pretend? Well, itÃ¢â¬â¢s very simple,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"Some folks donÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬âlike the way I live. (204) The society goes to such an extent with their prejudice that the coloured people are segregated not only from church, but also in the court room. Racial prejudice is a controversial issue throughout the book that adds suspense and drives the plot. Social hierarchy is a very significant part of any community, fictional or not. In Maycomb, who the people are, what they own, and the color of their skin, all contribute to their standing in society. There is a definite separation between those who are higher and those who are lower on the social ladder.Jem even acknowledges this by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s four kinds of folks in the world. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s the ordinary kind like us and the neighbors, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s the kind like the Cunninghams out in the woods, the kind like the Ewells down at the dump, and the Negroes. Ã¢â¬ (226) Aunt Alexandra abides by this and blatantly tells Scout that Walter Cunningham is trash. Ã¢â¬Å"The thing is, you can scrub Walter Cunningham till he shines, you can put him in shoes and a new suit, but heÃ¢â¬â¢ll never be like Jem. Ã¢â¬ (228) The Cunninghams and the Ewells are discriminated against because they both do not have much money.The Cunninghams and the Ewells are both farming families, but the Cunninghams are part of a higher class because the Ewells are what one would call trash. They do not have the same social etiquettes and respect for societys rules and morals. The black community is the lowest social class. Having black skin automatically puts them on the bottom of the class chain. In Maycomb it is hard to judge someone without being bias about who they are, what they own, and, most importantly, the colour of their skin.Prejudice can shield you from getting to know the real person by arbitrating them based on their race, social c lass, and gender. Ã¢â¬Å"Shoot all the bluejays you wantÃ¢â¬ ¦ but remember, its a sin to kill a mockingbirdÃ¢â¬ (93) The mockingbird is being represented as a repetitive motif to symbolize virtuousness and victims of injustice throughout the novel. It is a symbol of innocence and benevolence against prejudice of all sorts. Though many people in Maycomb have broken away from the norm, racial, social, and gender prejudice is still strong and a vile force in society that is hard to break away from.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Hoa Essay Essays Hoa Essay Essay Hoa Essay Essay WHY HISTORIANS DISAGREE: Facts Versus Interpretations http://amstd. spb. ru/Library/Current/amhist3. htm Brinkley, Alan. American History: A Survey. 12th Edition, McGraw Hill 2007 Unlike some other fields of scholarship, history is not an exact science. We can establish with some certainty many of the basic facts of history- that the United States declared its independence in 1776. for example; or that the North won the Civil War; or that the first atomic bomb was detonated in 1945. But wide disagreement remains, and will always remain, about the significance of such facts. There are as many different ways of viewing a historical event as there are historians viewing it. In reading any work of history, therefore, it is important to ask not only what facts the author is presenting but how he or she is choosing and interpreting those facts. Historians disagree with one another for many reasons. People of different backgrounds, for example, often bring different attitudes to their exploration of issues. A black historian might look at the American Revolution in terms of its significance for the members of his or her race and thus draw conclusions about it that would differ from those of a white historian. A Southerner might view Reconstruction in terms different from a Northerner. Social, religious, racial, ethnic, and sexual differences among historians all contribute to the shaping of distinctive points of view. Historians might disagree, too, as a result of the methods they use to explore their subjects. One scholar might choose to examine slavery by using psychological techniques; another might reach different conclusions by employing quantitative methods and making use of a computer. Because history is an unusually integrative discipline- that is, because it employs methods and ideas from many different fields of knowledge, ranging from science to the humanities, from economics to literary criticism- the historian has available an enormous range of techniques, each of which might produce its own distinctive results. One of the greatest sources of disagreement among historians is personal ideology- a scholars assumptions about the past, the present, politics, society. Historians who accept the teachings of Karl Marx and others that economics and social classes lie at the root of all historical processes will emphasize such matters in their examination of the past. Others might stress ideas, or the influence of particular individuals, or the workings of institutions and bureaucracies. A critic of capitalism, for example, might argue that American foreign policy after World War II was a reflection of economic imperialism. A critic of communism would be more likely to argue that the United States was merely responding to Soviet expansionism. Perhaps most important, historical interpretations differ from one another according to the time in which they are written. It may not be true, as many have said, that every generation writes its own history. But it is certainly true that no historian can entirely escape the influence of his or her own time. Hence, for example, historians writing in the relatively calm 1950s often emphasized very different issues and took very different approaches from those who wrote in the turbulent 1960s, particularly on such issues as race and foreign policy. A scholar writing in a time of general satisfaction with the nations social and political system is likely to view the past very differently from one writing in a time of discontent. Historians in each generation, in other words, emphasize those features of the past that seem most relevant to contemporary concerns. All of this is not to say that present concerns dictate, or should dictate, historical views. Nor is it to say that all interpretations are equally valid. On some questions, historians do reach general agreement; some interpretations prove in time to be without merit, while others become widely accepted. What is most often the case, however, is that each interpretation brings something of value to our understanding of the past. The history of the world, like the life of an individual, has so many facets, such vast complexities, so much that is unknowable, that there will always be room for new approaches to understanding it. Like the blind man examining the elephant, in the fable, the historian can get hold of and describe only one part of the past at a time. The cumulative efforts of countless scholars examining different aspects of history contribute to a view of the past that grows fuller with every generation. But the challenge and the excitement of history lie in the knowledge that that view can never be complete.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Journal opinion artical - Essay Example Taking security measures by posting additional police personnel will serve as a stop-gap arrangement and it is not going to solve the problems on a permanent footing. Take it that using gun for violent acts is the type of negativity like smoking, drinking, drug addiction etc. Are we able to control the drug mafia? They thrive and score a march over the law-enforcing authorities and the Nation spends a huge budget in preventing smuggling of drugs across the borders. So, it is not about drafting a good law and getting it passed. In the light of the recent tragedy of massacre of 26 people, including 20 children in the age group of 5-10 years in a Connecticut Elementary School, one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history, getting the bill passed at the national level should be possible for the Obama administration. Good laws need noble individuals for implementation. So the issue of creating noble individuals attains top priority. The gun control measure, and the first flush of enthu siasm exhibited by the law enforcing authorities, may reduce the percentage of gun-ridden crimes and shootouts. I therefore, reiterate my support for it, for the simple reason that there is no other alternative. But what are the economic implications of introducing the law on gun control? According to the provisions in the intended law, each teacher will carry the gun in the class room environment. Police personnel will be posted in the campus, at a conspicuous place. This is a burden on the economy of the education system, which ultimately will be passed on to the taxpayer. When the law is implemented, will it lead to the permanent solution to the problem? Instead, it may create more problems. The attackers always have the advantage of surprise element and in a big campus if one or two police personnel are posted nothing tangible is going to happen from the security point of view. The attacker will obviously come with prior scouting of the premises and the teacher in the class, tho ugh possesses the gun, will be the sitting ducks, as she has no robotic devises with reflex actions to protect her. Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein says the bill is intended "to help end the mass-shootings that have devastated countless families and terrorized communities."(USA LawÃ¢â¬ ¦) She is right. But she has not addressed to the root cause of the problem, as she will not be able to do anything about it. Senators are aware of their limitations, so are we! The issue is, those who are bent upon acquiring the guns, will get them through clandestine channels. Just look around and see how the terrorist organizations are amassing demonic weapons of their choice, including military-type assault rifles. When tempers on the issue gets cooled down, the related realities will come to the fore. Those supporting the gun ownership rights have taken a stand to oppose the bill. Ã¢â¬Å"Most Republican lawmakers, and even some Democratic proponents of gun ownership rights, are expected to o ppose the bill. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s main gun rights lobby, the National Rifle Association, is already gearing up for a major legislative battle.Ã¢â¬ (USA LawÃ¢â¬ ¦)Thus this law and order problem gives rise to serious economic implications as more security personnel will have to be employed at all levels. What happened at the school on the day of the shootout needs a careful and